The Kenya team, including our Executive Director Dr Paul Matiku, played a critical role in negotiations to increase funding for protection of biodiversity at the 11th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 11), in Hyderabad, India, last month. Countries that are signatories to the CBD agreed to double resources for biodiversity protection by 2015. This was a breakthrough.
Agreements on Funding
The COP set targets to increase the countries that include biodiversity in their national development plans and prepare national financial plans for biodiversity, by 2015. These targets, and progress towards them, will be reviewed in 2014. Following intense negotiations, developed countries then agreed to increase funding to support efforts in developing states to meet internationally-agreed Biodiversity Targets. Using the average annual national spending on biodiversity between 2006 and 2010 as a baseline, developed countries said they would double biodiversity related international financial flows by 2015. All Parties agreed to substantially increase domestic expenditures for biodiversity protection over the same period. For the first time, developing countries at COP 11, including India and several African states, pledged additional funds above and beyond their core funding towards the work of the CBD.
National Biodiversity Plans
Much of the COP 11 negotiations revolved around practical and financial support for countries in implementing national biodiversity plans to meet the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.